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The prefix stront- takes nouns to derive nouns that are disparaging and strongly affective. An example is fint fellow > strontfint despicable fellow.

[+]General properties

The prefix stront- is used to derive nouns on the basis of other nouns. It expresses strong disapproval. Prefixation with stront- is highly productive. Examples of derivations are listed below:

Table 1
Base form Derivation
fint fellow strontfint despicable fellow
ding thing strontding worthless thing
merakel miracle strontmerakels excuses, rubbish
boek book strontboek lousy book
fanke girl strontfanke lousy girl
film film strontfilm worthless film
The origin of the prefix is in the noun stront shit; dung, and the prefix can therefore be considered as the result of a grammaticalization process, comparable with the prefix skyt-, which has the same excremental background. Hence, stront- is a prefixoid. Semantically, the prefixes have much in common, but stront- lacks the belittling semantics.

[+]Phonological properties

The prefix is pronounced as [stront]. In derivations the stress is on the prefix, for example in STRONTboek lousy book.

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This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:70).

  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy