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PP Complements

The Adposition Phrase (PP) complement may refer to an element of the event referred to by the noun. The PP follows the noun (see Position). In (1), the preposition oer about introduces an element of the talking event, and the preposition mei with another:

Example 1

It besteklik praat oer syn fak mei de âldere kollega
the sensible talk about his subject with the older colleague
The sensible talk about his profession with the older colleague

The preposition fan of can be used for agents, themes and possessors (see choice of preposition), as in the example below:

Example 2

It skilderij 'It Tepidarium' fan dy bleate frou fan Alma Tadema fan 'e firma Pears
the painting 'the Tepidarium' of that naked woman of Alma Tadema of the company Pears
The painting' The Tepidarium' of a naked woman by Alma Tadema belonging to Pears Ltd

Agents, themes and possessors can also be externally realised, that is, in front of the Noun Phrase (NP), in the genitive position where possessive pronouns show up (see complements external to NP). An example involving a possessor is given below:

Example 3

Cleopatra har noas
Cleopatra her nose
Cleopatra's nose

The term 'possessor' is ambiguous. Semantically, it refers to the thematic role of possessor. Syntactically, it refers to a designated position external to the NP domain in which PPs are found. So, the complement of the preposition fan of is semantically a possessor, but not syntactically, in the sentence below:

Example 4

De noas fan Cleopatra
the nose of Cleopatra
The nose of Cleopatra

In (3) above, Cleopatra is syntactically the possessor, as well as semantically. Predicative PPs can be distinguished from complementive PPs. Predicative PPs can be found in copular construction (see predicative and complementive PPs), as is illustrated below for temporal PPs:

Example 5

De krante is fan juster
the newspaper is of yesterday
The newspaper is from yesterday

Some prepositional complements can be extracted from their PP (see extraction), as the example below illustrates:

Example 6

Dy skilder dêr't ik in skilderij fan ha
that painter that.R I a painting of have
The painter that I have a painting of

The word order among various PPs following the noun is free, though certain orders may be less marked than others (see order of PPs).


More details about PP complements can be found by following the corresponding links: