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Verbal suffixes

There are a number of suffixes found in verbs, only non-native -eer and its allomorphs can be used to productively form new ones.


Dutch has three native verbalizing suffixes (all unproductive) and one non-native one with a number of allomorphs (productive):

  • (unproductive) native -el that often has an iterative meaning, e.g. trappel trample < trap trap.
  • (unproductive) native -er, e.g. knipperen to blink. The suffix sometimes seems to have an iterative meaning.
  • (unproductive) native -ig, e.g. pijnigen to rack, to cause pain.
  • non-native -eer, as in demonstreer demonstrate, and its variant -iseer, as in moderniseer modernize.

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