• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Saterfrisian
  • Afrikaans
Show all Nominal number inflection: plural forms with ablaut

There are two sources of plural ablaut in Saterland Frisian: Old Frisian and Low German (and/or Dutch). An example of Old Frisian plural ablaut is die Fout, do Fäite ‘foot, feet’. An example of Low German ablaut is dät Lid, do Liede ‘limb(s)’.

Umlaut (fronting) is not a part of Saterland Frisian morpho-phonology at all, contrary to German (e.g. der Bruder, die Brüder, ‘brother(s)’). The frequent occurrence of fronted stem vowels in Saterland Frisian in diminutives (e.g. Düüfken ‘little girl’) does not present a counterexample. Those words are generally borrowed as a whole from Low German. (Read more on ablaut plurals.)

A list of nouns which show ablaut in the plural follows here. (Slofstra & Hoekstra 45-46)

Table 1
dät Gat, do Goate ‘hole(s)’
ät Gelach, do Geloage ‘banquet(s)’
(also: do Gelagge) (id.)
die Belach, do Beloage ‘floor(s)’
dät Paad, do Poade ‘path(s)’
die Dai, do Dege ‘day(s)’
die Wai, do Wege ‘way(s)’
dät Fäk, do Feke ‘compartment(s)’
dät Fät, do Fete ‘vessel(s) for liquids’
dät Gebäd, die Gebede ‘prayer(s)’
(also: do Gebädde) (id.)
dät Blääd, do Bledere ‘leaf, leaves’
dät Blääd, do Blede ‘sheet(s)’
dät Brääd, do Brede ‘plate(s)’
dät Dääl, do Delere ‘valley(s)’
dät Glääs, do Gleze ‘glass(es)’
dät Häk, do Heke ‘edge(s) of a carriage’
dät Kläp, do Klepe ‘land(s) between ditches’
dat Krääf, do Krewe ‘crib’
dät Määd, do Mede ‘swath(s)’
dät Rääd, do Rede ‘wheel(s)’
ju Stääd, do Stede(n) ‘town(s)’
dät Grääf, do Greeuwe / Grewe ‘tomb(s)’
dät Lid, do Liede ‘limb(s)’
(also: dät Glid, do Gliede) (id.)
dät Lid, do Liedere ‘lid(s)’
dät Rim, do Rieme ‘roof bar(s)’
dät Skil, do Skiele ‘peel(s)’
dät Skip, do Skiepe ‘ship(s)’
die Smid, do Smiede ‘blacksmith(s)’
dät Snit, do Sniede ‘cut(s)’
dät Spil, do Spiele ‘game(s)’
(also: do Spille) (id.)
die Fout, do Fäite ‘foot, feet’
ju Gous, do Gäize ‘goose, geese’
(also: ju Gäize, do Gäizen) (id.)
dät Goud, do Göidere ‘possessions(s)’
dät Gebod [ɔ], do Gebode [oː] ‘commandment(s)’
dät Bod, do Bode ‘offer(s)’
dät Hol, do Hole ‘hole’
die Kok , do Koke ‘cook(s)’
(also: do Kokke) (id.)
dät Lot, die Lote ‘lot(s) in a lottery’
die God, do Gode ‘god(s)’
(also: die Goad, do Goade)
  • B. Slofstra & E. Hoekstra. 2023. Sprachlehre des Saterfriesischen 2022-2023. URL: seeltersk.de
    printreport errorcite