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3.3 Modification of NP by adverbial clauses

Various adverbial clauses can be found following the noun.


An adverbial clauses can appear following a noun, as in the following examples:

Een Ure eer ju stoorf.
an hour before she died
An hour before she died.
Ju Ku, eer ju mölk wädt, trippelt.
the cow before she milk becomes walks with jumps
The cow hops before calving.

A disjunctive adverbial clause can also appear following a noun:

Dät Woud, of man ‘t here wol of nit, wädt ferkändiged.
the word whether one it hear wants or not becomes proclaimed
The word is proclaimed, whether people want to hear it or not.

The example above involves a disjunctive adverbial clause of attendant circumstance. Note that the noun which it directly follows (Woud ‘word’) is referred to in the adverbial clause by means of the neuter pronoun. This type of clause specifies a condition that holds no matter what. Another example of this kind is presented below:

Bie Sumerdai, dan kuut ‘t je noch so woorm weze, waas dät fain käilig.
at summer.day then could it ever still so warm be was it nice cool
On a summer day, regardless of however warm it was, it was nicely cool.

Here the temporal noun Sumerdai ‘summer day’ is referred to by the adverbial pronoun dan ‘then’ in the adverbial clause. Such ‘no matter what’ clauses may also be constructed with gliekefuul or eengaal. Some examples are given below:

Et is gliekefuul, of jie mäd jou Bäidene kume of nit.
it is equally.much whether you with your children come or not
It doesn't matter whether you come with your children or not.
Eengoal, wäl dät kwädt, dät is nit weer.
indifferent who it says it is not true
No matter who says it, it's not true.
Die Uungjucht dät, die skäl deer sien Stroafe foar ferkriege, juust gliek, wäl hie is.
REL.MSC.3SG injustice does MSC.3SG shall it.R his penalty for receive just equal who he is
Whoever commits injustice, will receive his penalty for it, no matter who he is.

Some complementisers introducing adverbial clauses can be analysed as consisting of a preposition followed by a complementiser, as is the case with ätterdät ‘after’. On the form of adverbial complementisers, see also: The PP in Saterland Frisian.

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