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Verbal prefixes

Derivation of verbs by way of prefixation is far more common than by addition of a suffix. The most likely reason is that the derivational suffix has to be followed by the verbal inflectional suffixes, which creates an unfortunate accumulation of affixes. In the same vein, it is telling that many new verbs can also be formed by addition of a particle (often an adposition), which likewise occupies a position in front of the base form.

Most prefixed verbs have a verb as base. However, verbal prefixation on the basis of nouns and adjectives also occurs, although this is restricted to the three most important verbal prefixes, i.e. be-, fer- and ûnt-.


More details about the available bases can be obtained by following the corresponding links:

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