• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Saterfrisian
  • Afrikaans
Show all
2.6.5 Reflexive and reciprocal pronouns

Reflexive pronouns are indeclinable. First and second person reflexive pronouns are identical to oblique personal pronouns.

mie ‘myself’, die ‘yourself’, sik ‘him-, her-, itself’, uus ‘ourselves’, jou ‘yourselves’, sik ‘themselves’.

In more or less fixed expressions the element säärm ‘self, selves’ is absent. In other cases, säärm (or one of its variants) is obligatorily present.

Nu is ’t Tied, dät wie uus were. ‘Now it is time for us to defend ourselves.’
Foar die säärm koast du suurgje, foar aal kon neen Moanske nit suurgje. ‘You can take care for yourself, but no one can take care of all people.’

Reflexive pronouns are often used in a reciprocal sense, like in German.

Do beten sik twäin Huunde. ‘That moment, two dogs were biting each other.’

The reciprocal pronoun eenuur (or: enefoaruur) is generally ‘strengthened’ by a reflexive pronoun:

Jie moakje jou bee eenuur wät wies. ‘You both are fooling one another.’ Ju kuden sik enefoaruur nit ferstounde. ‘They couldn’t understand each other.’

The reciprocal pronoun eenuur is often reduced to enclitical (and Low German) -nunner, when governed by a preposition.

Jo wieren joa goud bekoand mädnunner. ‘They were well acquainted to each other.’
    printreport errorcite