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Non-main verbs selecting a participle
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Past participles in active voice constructions are selected by the auxiliary verb het to have. Semi-auxiliaries selecting past participles or departicipial adjectives include kry to get, kom to come, gaan to go, sit to sit, staan to stand and to lie.

The passive auxiliaries are word to become, is to be and was was, were, and periphrastic forms such as geword het and gewees het.

Past participles, which are participles in purely verbal usage, differ in form and function from departicipial adjectives, i.e. adjectives derived from particles.

Clause splitting occurs when the main verb is separated from its lexical projections by a non-main verb, and permeation when a clause-final verb cluster is interrupted by a non-verbal constituent.

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