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1.2.5 Circumfixes

A few Saterland Frisian words show both a prefix and a suffix. In these words the prefix is the collective (and pejorative) element ge-, followed by a verbal stem and a nominalising suffix. The words denote collective messy things. This is in contrast with ge-derivations without suffixes, which denote more abstract concepts (e.g. Gemoak, ‘income’, Gedou, ‘ado’).

Table 1
ge- (...) –te Gedoute, Gedwoonte (‘gestures, attitude’),
ge- (...) sel dät Gefunsel (‘mess’), dät Gemoaksel (‘device’, pejorative), dät Gebreeksel (‘a lot of broken pieces of wood’), dät Geriemsel (‘bad poem’)
ge- (...) sel, ge- (...) –else dät Geskrieuwsel, dät Geskrieuwelse (‘uninterpretable writing’)

By the way, Saterland Frisian past participles do not contain the element ge-, unlike their Dutch and German counterparts (e.g.: däin, ‘done’).

Inasfar as we know, Saterland Frisian does not include infixes. The elements -el and -er in frequentative verbs are mostly lexicalised derivational suffixes (e.g. gnauelje ‘to gnaw’, cf. ‘gnaue ‘to gnaw’).

The element -ge- in Uutgekiek is no infix either. (nRoor Uutgekiek is ‘an ugly face.) This lexicalised nominalisation is from the separable complex verb Uutkiekje (cf. []).

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