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The prefix skoan- derives nouns from other nouns. It refers to family relations that have come into existence by marriage. An example is sustersister > skoansustersister-in-law. The number of derivations with skoan- is highly limited.

[+]General properties

The prefix skoan- derives nouns on the basis of other nouns. It is used to denote persons who originally do not belong to one's family, but become related by marriage. As a result, the prefix is highly restricted in its use and not productive. All occurrences of derivations with skoan- are listed below:

Table 1
Base form Derivation
âldenparents skoanâldenparents-in-law
folk skoanfolkin-laws
famyljefamily skoanfamyljein-laws
heitfather skoanheitfather-in-law
memmother skoanmemmother-in-law
soanson skoansoanson-in-law
dochterdaughter skoandochterdaughter-in-law
sustersister skoansustersister-in-law
For a brother-in-law the noun sweager is used, instead of the derivation broerbrother > *skoanbroerbrother-in-law. Besides skoansustersister-in-law and skoandochterdaughter-in-law the now obsolete forms snoar or snoarske can be found. These words could therefore have two meanings, i.e. sister-in-law or daughter-in-law.

[+]Phonological properties

The prefix is mostly pronounced with a broken diphthong as [skwan], in the south, however, also unbroken as [sko.ən]. In derivations the stress is on the prefix, for example in SKOANmemmother-in-law.

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This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:65).

  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy