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The non-Germanic suffix -ein derives nouns from nouns. Although it is an unproductive suffix whith a relatively rare occurrence, two subtypes can be observed. Firstly, the derivation can be a personal name as in republyk republic > republikein republican. Where the input is a geographical name, it can also derive an inhabitant name: Rome Rome > Romein Roman.

[+]Nominal base

Although -ein is an unproductive suffix which is relatively rare, two types can be distinguished. First, the derivation can be a personal name, which is the case in republyk republic > republikein republican and, with an opaque input, in puritein puritan, which can be related to puritanisme puritanism. The meaning of these derivations is "follower of {base noun}".

[+]Geographical name as base

Secondly, the suffix can derive an inhabitant name on the basis of a geographical name. There is only one example, however: Rome Rome > Romein inhabitant of Rome (or the Roman empire).

[+]Phonological properties

The suffix -ein bears the main stress of the word, which results in a stress shift: republYK > republykEIN, puritanISme > puritEIN and ROme > RomEIN.

[+]Morphological potentials

The derivations (all have common gender)) can be input for other suffixes, like -sk in the adjective republikeinsk republican, or -sk in Romeinsk leger Roman army.

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This topic is based on De Haas and Trommelen (1993:202) and Hoekstra (1998:101).

  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy