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The complement of the adjective may be realised by a clause, introduced by a pronominal PP, as in the example below.

Example 1

Hulle is moeg daarvan dat hulle raadslid nie hul klagtes ernstig opneem nie.
they are tired R.of that their council.member not their complaints serious up.take PTCL.NEG
They have had enough of it that their council member does not take their complaints seriously.

In some of these cases, the pronominal PP (e.g. R.of) can be dropped, as in

Example 2

Hulle is moeg dat vroue en kinders mishandel word.
they are tired that women and childred abused are
They are (sick and) tired that women and children are being abused.
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The prepositional complement of the adjective may be realised as a pronominal PP plus a clause which relates to the preceding R-pronoun. In the examples below, the subordinate clause is linked to and preceded by the discontinuous PP consisting of the R-pronoun daarthere, it and the prepositions (here postpositions) oorover and opon:

Example 3

Ek is verheug daar·oor dat dit gebeur het.
I am elated PN·over that it happened has
I am elated that it happened.
Example 4

James was trots daar·op dat hy die prys gewen het.
James was proud PN·on that he the prize won has
James was proud of the fact that he won the prize.

In many cases, the related PP can be dropped, as in the examples below:

Example 5

Hulle is bly dat dit openbaar gemaak is.
they are glad that it public made was
They are glad that that it has been made public.
Example 6

James was trots dat hy die prys gewen het.
James was proud that he the prize won has
James was proud that he won the prize.

In addition to subordinate clauses, prepositional adjectives (Ponelis 1979:276) may also combine with infinitive clauses, as in:

Example 7

Hy is lief daar·voor om te gesels.
he is fond PN·for PTCL.INF to chat
He is fond of chatting.
Example 8

Nie al die krygsgevangenes was gediend daar·mee om met die onsekerheid saam te leef nie.
not all the prisoners.of.war were satisfied PN·with PTCL.INF with the uncertainty together to live PTCL.NEG
Not al the prisoners of war were prepared to put up with living in (the) uncertainty.
Example 9

Ons is tevrede daar·mee om nog 'n dag te wag.
we are satisfied PN·with PTCL.INF more a day to wait
We are satisfied to wait another day.

The link with PP is practically lost, however, in cases where the R-pronoun is dropped. The prepositional adjective besig metbusy with has dropped the preposition in combination with the infinitive clause, and takes an aspectual function comparable with the present and past continuous in English, as in:

Example 10

Die watervlak is besig om te styg.
the water.level is busy PTCL.INF to rise
The level of the water is rising.

Adjectives other than prepositional adjectives may also combine with infinitive clauses. These are often past participles functioning as adjectives, as in:

Example 11

Die verhoor was veronderstel om vandag te begin.
the trial was supposed PTCL.INF today to start
The trial was supposed to start today.
Example 12

Die polisie was verplig om op te tree.
the police was obliged PTCL.INF to act
The police was obliged to act.
  • Ponelis, Frits A1979Afrikaanse sintaksisPretoriaJ.L. van Schaik
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