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Show all Preterito-praesentia

Praeterito-praesentia show preterite inflection in the present tense. This is due to the fact that they have developed from historically preterite verb forms, reinterpreted as present tense forms and supplemented with a newly created preterite paradigm. Almost all of them function as modal verbs. The only exception is wiete ‘to know’.

The verb wiete features three present stems, (iek) weet, (du) waa(t)st, (wie) wiete.

The third person singular form hie duurt (instead of hie duur) is substandard, but very frequent. The substandard first person singular form iek duurt was created on the model of hie duurt.

Table 1
Infinitive Present Past Ptc Imperative
dure iek duur(t) iek doarste doarst - ‘to need’
du doarst/duurst du doarstest
hie duur(t) hie doarste
wie duren wie doarsten
konne iek kon iek kuud kuud - ‘to be able’
du koast du kuust
hie kon hie kuud
wie konnen wie kuden
moute iek mout iek moaste moast - ‘to have to’
du moast iek moaste
hie mout hie moaste
wie mouten wie moasten
muge (maie) iek mai iek moate moat ‘to be allowed to’
du maist du moatest
hie mai hie moate
wie mugen wie moaten
skälle iek skäl iek skuul skuuld - ‘to have to’
du skääst du skuust
hie skäl iek skuul
wie skällen wie skulen
wiete iek weet iek wiste wist wiet! ‘to know’
du waastst du wistest
hie weet hie wiste
wie wieten wie wisten
wolle iek wol iek wiel wäild - wollen
du wolt du wielt
hie wol hie wiel
wie wollen wie wielen
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