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Preposition that is not selected + finite clause

Finite clauses can follow non-selected prepositions.


Finite clauses following non-selected prepositions function as adverbial clauses. Two examples are given below:

a. Hja prevelen it paternoster nei dat de master foarbidde
they murmured the paternoster after that the teacher before.pray
They murmured the paternoster following the prayer of the teacher
b. Ear dat er it preau, hie er al trije grutte swolgen nei binnen slein
before that he it tasted had he DcP three big swallows to inside thrown
Before he tasted it, he had already swallowed three mouthfuls of it

The combination of the preposition and the complementiser dat that is often lexicalised into a fixed idiomatic combination. The combination of preposition and complementiser may in some cases be shortened by cliticisation of the complementiser of the preposition: nei dat > nei't after, eardat > ear't before, omdat > om't because. Some combinations of preposition and complementiser cannot be reduced: troch dat > *troch't through that, because. Complex subordinating conjunctions generally cannot be reduced: yn stee fan dat > *yn stee fan't instead of, nettsjinsteande dat > *nettsjinsteande't notwithstanding that. Simple subordinating conjunctions which are not derived from a preposition are often followed by the cliticised complementiser in case they refer to time: doe't when, wannear't when, sûnt since, wylst while.

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