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Modification of comparative adjectives
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Modification of certain comparative adjectives is possible, to the exclusion of their positive and superlative forms. These include examples such as veel much and verreweg by far. Compare the pairs below:

Example 1

Dit is veel moeilik·er om ouer diere te kastreer.
it be.PRS much difficult·CMPR for.COMP older animals PTCL.INF castrate.INF
It is much more difficult to castrate older animals.
Example 2

*Dit is veel moeilik om ouer diere te kastreer.
it be.PRS much difficult for.COMP older animals PTCL.INF castrate.INF
*It is much difficult to castrate older animals.
Example 3

Ons het verreweg die moeilik·ste program.
we have by.far the difficult·SUPL programme
We have the most difficult programme by far.
Example 4

*Dit moet verreweg moeilik wees.
this must.AUX.MOD by.far difficult be
*This must by.far be difficult.
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Comparative adjectives can be modified by certain modifiers which cannot be used when the adjective is used in the positive degree. Most of these modifiers can also be used with the inherent comparative anders else, different. A first example is the modifier soveel so much, for which the applicability to the comparative, as well as the ungrammaticality with the positive is demonstrated here:

Example 5

Dit sal soveel maklik·er vir ons kinders wees.
it will.AUX.MOD so.much easy·CMPR for our children be
I will be so much easier for our children..
Example 6

*Dit sal soveel maklik vir ons kinders wees.
*It will be so much easy for our children.

It also applies to the modifiers veel much and heelwat considerably:

Example 7

dat julle in 'n veel vry·er samelewing grootword
that you in a much free·CMPR society big.become
that you grow up in a much freer society
Example 8

*dat julle in 'n veel vry samelewing grootword
*that you grow up in a much free society
Example 9

Die voorste gedeelte van die brein is heelwat klein·er.
the front part of the brain be.PRS considerably small·CMPR
The front part of the brain is considerably smaller.
Example 10

*Die voorste gedeelte van die brein is heelwat klein.
the front part of the brain be.PRS considerably small
*The front part of the brain is considerably small.

The modifier nog even, to be distinguished from its homonym nog still, can also only be used with a comparative adjective in the first meaning ( even). If it is used with the positive form, the meaning still is assumed. This becomes clear if the following examples are compared:

Example 11

Dit is nog moeiliker as diefstalle nie by die polisie aangemeld word nie.
it be.PRS even difficult.CMPR if thefts not at the police report.PASS be.AUX.PASS.PRS PTCL.NEG
It is even more difficult if thefts are not reported to the police.
Example 12

Dit is nog moeilik vir ons..
it be.PRS still diffucult for us
It is still difficult for us.

All these modifiers can be used with the inherent comparative adjective anders different, as can be seen below:

Example 13

Die situasie is veel anders.
the situation be.PRS much different
The situation is quite different.
Example 14

sou ons lewens heelwat anders gewees het
want.to.AUX.MOD.PRT our lives considerably different be.PST have.AUX
our lives would have been considerably different
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