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The prefix foar- derives nouns on the basis of other nouns. It is used to refer to children from an earlier marriage. Its use is highly limited. An example is: bern child(ren) > foarbern child(ren) by a previous marriage. This prefix foar- can also be applied to refer to an illegitimate child.

[+]General properties

In fact, foar- is rather a prefixoid, as it derived from the preposition foar for. It derives nouns from other nouns, or to be more precise, kinship terms. It is used to refer to children from an earlier marriage, and hence, only three occurrences can be found: bern child(ren) > foarbern child(ren) in a previous marriage, dochter daughter > foardochter 'daughter in a previous marriage and soan son > foarsoan son in a previous marriage. A derivation with foar- can also refer to an illegitimate child.

[+]Phonological properties

The prefix is pronounced with a broken vowel: [fwar]. In derivations the stress is on the prefix, as in FOARbern child(ren) in a previous marriage.


This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:65).

  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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