• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
6.3.3. Conclusion

The previous sections have discussed non-main verbs taking a te-infinitive as their complement, and has shown that there are reasons for assuming that this option arises with semi-aspectual verbs only. Other constructions that could potentially involve non-main verbs with a te-infinitive were shown to actually involve a main verb and a te-infinitive with some other syntactic function, such as complementive or postnominal modifier. The two types of constructions can be identified by generalizing the first two properties of semi-aspectual (non-main) and main verbs zitten, liggen, staan and hangen in Table (189) to all constructions involving a V + te-V combination.

Example 189
Properties of main and non-main verbs combining with a te-infinitive
  main verb non-main verb
Order w.r.t. (other)
clause-final verbs
non-verbal te-infinitive
precedes the clause-final verbs
verbal te-infinitive follows
the clause-final verbs
causativization +

The conclusion that non-main verbs trigger the IPP-effect and require the te-infinitive to precede the clause-final verbs is important given that it will simplify our description of the clause-final verb cluster. We can simply postulate that te-infinitives are obligatorily placed in final position, and we do not have to introduce any complicated argumentation to account for the deviant behavior of the te-infinitives that can be found with the verbs discussed in Section 6.3.2 on "unclear cases"; these te-infinitives do not function as the main verb of the clause and are therefore not part of the verbal complex.

    This topic is the result of an automatic conversion from Word and may therefore contain errors.
    A free Open Access publication of the corresponding volumes of the Syntax of Dutch is available at OAPEN.org.