• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
6.8.Bibliographical notes

The question of what structure must be assigned to the constructions with complementives discussed in Section 6.1 has given rise to a lengthy and still unresolved debate. According to some, the subject is part of the AP: it occupies a designated subject position in a so-called Small Clause configuration, where it saturates the external thematic role assigned by the adjectival predicate. According to others, the subject is generated in the regular object position of the verb, the subject-predicate relation being established by other means. This discussion finds its origin in Stowell (1983), who defends the former, and Williams (1980), who defends the latter proposal. An influential Dutch advocate of Stowellʼs proposal is Hoekstra (1984a/2004: part IV); Williams’ proposal has been defended by Neeleman (1994b). Bowers (1993) and Hale & Keyser (1993) propose structures that in a sense reconcile the two approaches.
      The term supplementive has been adopted from Quirk et al. (1985). The supplementives, and especially the ways in which they can be distinguished from the manner adverbs, have been the subject of a classical debate between Van den Toorn (1969/1970a/1970b), Koelmans (1970) and Zwaan (1970); cf. also Van Gestel (1992). The distinction between supplementive-I and supplementive–II was first discussed in Broekhuis (1995). Other relevant studies are Jansen (1986/1987), Kooij (1987) and Den Dikken (1987). For theoretical background on the appositive use of the adjective, we refer the reader to Alexiadou et al. (2007: Part III) and McCawley (1998).
      The discussion of the two classes of adjectives with clausal subjects in Section 6.5, sub II, is mainly based on Cinque (1990) and Bennis (2004). More extensive, partly contradictory, discussions of the control adjectives in Section 6.5, sub III, can be found in Van Haaften (1991) and Vanden Wyngaerd (1994; ch.6). The literature on the easy-to-please-construction, which is also referred to as the tough (movement) construction, is very extensive. The discussion about the proper analysis of this construction has certainly not been settled, which may be clear from the fact that it has been a recurrent theme in Chomskyʼs work ever since Chomsky (1973). Our discussion of this construction in Section 6.5, sub IVA, has adopted Bennis & Wehrmannʼs (1987) analysis of this construction as its point of departure; another study that must be mentioned is Dik (1985). The modal infinitive constructions in Section 6.5, sub IVB, will be discussed more extensively in Chapter 9. The discussion of PP subjects in Section 6.6 has again profited much from the discussion in Bennis & Wehrmann (1987); see also Van Haaften (1985).

  • Alexiadou, Artemis, Haegeman, Liliane & Stavrou, Melita2007Noun phrases in the generative perspectiveBerlin/New YorkMouton de Gruyter
  • Bennis, Hans2004Unergative adjectives and psych verbsAlexiadou, Artemis, Anagnostopoulou, Elena & Everaert, Martin (eds.)The unaccusativity puzzle: studies on the syntax-lexicon interfaceOxfordOxford University Press84-113
  • Bennis, Hans & Wehrmann, Pim1987Adverbial argumentsBeukema, Frits & Coopmans, Peter (eds.)Linguistics in the Netherlands 1987Dordrecht1-11
  • Bennis, Hans & Wehrmann, Pim1987Adverbial argumentsBeukema, Frits & Coopmans, Peter (eds.)Linguistics in the Netherlands 1987Dordrecht1-11
  • Bowers, John1993The syntax of predicationThe Linguistic Review24591-656
  • Broekhuis, Hans1995De predikatieve toevoegingDe Nieuwe Taalgids88534-543
  • Chomsky, Noam1973Conditions on transformationsAnderson, Stephen & Kiparsky, Paul (eds.)A festschrift for Morris HalleNew YorkHolt, Rinehart, and Winston71-132
  • Cinque, Guglielmo1990Ergative adjectives and the lexicalist hypothesisNatural Language and Linguistic Theory81-39
  • Dik, Simon C1985Infinitief-konstrukties met <i>om</i> in een functionele grammatikaGLOT825-46
  • Dikken, Marcel den1987Secundaire predicatie en de analyse van small clausesGlot101-28
  • Gestel, Frank van1992De bepaling van gesteldheid: twintig jaar laterKlein, M. (ed.)Nieuwe eskapades in de neerlandistiek. Opstellen van vrienden voor M.C. van den Toorn bij zijn afscheid als hoogleraar aan de Katholieke Universiteit NijmegenGroningenWolters-Noordhoff
  • Haaften, Ton van1985<i>Om</i>-zinnen en predikatieGLOT847-65
  • Haaften, Ton van1991De interpretatie van verzwegen subjectenFree University AmsterdamThesis
  • Hale, Ken & Keyser, Samuel1993On argument structure and the lexical expression of syntactic relationsHale, Ken & Keyser, Samuel (eds.)The view from Building 20: essays in linguistics in honor of Sylvain BrombergerCambridge, MA/LondonMIT Press53-109
  • Hoekstra, Teun1984Transitivity. Grammatical relations in government-binding theoryDordrecht/CinnaminsonForis Publications
  • Hoekstra, Teun2004Arguments and structure. Studies on the architecture of the sentenceBerlin/New YorkMouton de Gruyter
  • Jansen, Frank1986Deelwoordenjammer: een regel van of voor het NederlandsSpektator16394-404
  • Jansen, Frank1987Elegisch naschriftSpektator198-201
  • Koelmans, L1970Syntactische fundering van de z.g. bepaling van gesteldheidDe Nieuwe Taalgids6393-94
  • Kooij, Jan1987Deelwoordenjammer en grammatikaspijtSpektator17186-197
  • McCawley, James D1998The syntactic phenomena of EnglishChicago/LondonUniversity of Chicago Press
  • Neeleman, Ad1994Complex predicatesUtrechtUniversity of UtrechtThesis
  • Quirk, Randolph, Greenbaum, Sidney, Leech, Geoffrey & Svartvik, Jan1985A comprehensive grammar of the English languageLondon/New YorkLongman
  • Stowell, Tim1983Subjects across categoriesThe Linguistic Review2285-312
  • Toorn, M.C. van den1970Naschrift: de waarde van tegenvoorbeeldenDe Nieuwe Taalgids6393-94
  • Toorn, M.C. van den1970Naschrift: explicitering en abstractieDe Nieuwe Taalgids63101-102
  • Toorn, Maarten C. van den1969De bepaling van gesteldheidDe Nieuwe Taalgids6234-40
  • Williams, Edwin1980PredicationLinguistic Inquiry11203-238
  • Wyngaerd, Guido vanden1994PRO-legomena. Distribution and Reference of infinitival subjectsLinguistic Models 19Berlin/New YorkMouton de Gruyter
  • Zwaan, F.L1970De zg. bepaling van gesteldheidDe Nieuwe Taalgids6395-100