• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
wan-
quickinfo

The prefix wan- derives nouns from nominal bases. It basically indicates the opposite of what is meant by the base. An example is hoophope > wanhoopdespair. Most derivations also express disapproval, for example in wanbetellerdefaulter (from betellerpayer).

readmore
[+] General properties

The prefix wan- derives nouns from other nouns. Derivations primarily refer to the opposite of the base noun. In many cases, however, a taste of disapproval is added. In this respect, wan- is similar to ûn- and (with foreign bases) dis-.

Examples of derivations with wan- expressing the opposite of the base form are listed below:

Table 1
Base form Derivation
hoophope wanhoopdespair
betrouwentrust wanbetrouwenmistrust
geunstgoodwill wangeunstenvy
Examples of derivations with wan- expressing disapproval are:
Table 2
Base form Derivation
begrypconception wanbegrypmisconception
betellerpayer wanbetellerdefaulter
bestjoergovernment wanbestjoermisgovernment
die(d)deed wandie(d)misdeed
beliedpolicy wanbeliedmismanagement
ferhâldingrelation wanferhâldingmisproportion
klanksound wanklankdissonance
smaaktaste wansmaakbad taste
produktproduct wanproduktfailure
tastânstate wantastânabuse
wurkwork wanwurkfailure

[+] Origin

The prefix probably grammaticalized from an independent adjective wan, compare also English wan or wane. The Frisian adjective, although now becoming obsolete, was still widely used in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. It had the basic meaning wrong. An example is wat is der wan?what's wrong?Wan could also mean (half-)empty. An example is de flesse is wanthe bottle is (half-)empty.

[hide extra information]
x
Other input categories

The prefix wan- can also take adjectival bases, as is described wan- with adjective as base. In a few cases, verbs can be input as well, which is dealt with in wan- with verb as base.

[hide extra information]
x Other input categories

The prefix wan- can also take adjectival bases, as is described wan- with adjective as base. In a few cases, verbs can be input as well, which is dealt with in wan- with verb as base.

[+] Phonological properties

The prefix is pronounced as [vɔn]. In derivations the stress is on the prefix, as for example in WANbegrypmisconception.

[hide extra information]
x
Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:69) and Postma (1901).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
  • Postma, Gertjan1901WirdfoarmingFerjit my net3149-50
Suggestions for further reading ▼
phonology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show more ▼
morphology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
  • wan-
    [79%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal prefixes
  • be-
    [73%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Verbs > Verbal prefixes
  • Case - the partitive construction
    [73%] Dutch > Morphology > Inflection > Nouns > Case
  • -technisch
    [72%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adverbs > Adverbial suffixes
  • Adjectival inflection
    [72%] Dutch > Morphology > Inflection
  • dis-
    [78%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Prefixation > Nominal prefixes > Noun as base
  • âld-
    [77%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Prefixation > Nominal prefixes > Noun as base
  • wan-
    [77%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Prefixation > Adjectival prefixes > Adjective as base
  • te-
    [77%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Prefixation > Verbal prefixes > Verb as base
  • ûn-
    [76%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Prefixation > Nominal prefixes > Noun as base
Show more ▼
syntax
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
  • Inflection and derivation
    [72%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Verb Phrases > Characterization and classification
  • Modification of the superlative
    [72%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Adjective Phrases > Comparison by comparative, superlative and equative degree > Superlative
  • The regular passive
    [72%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Verb Phrases > Alternations > Alternations involving the external argument > Passivisation
  • Mood
    [72%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Verb Phrases > Characterization and classification
  • Finite interrogative complement clauses: syntactic distribution
    [71%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Verb Phrases > Complement clauses > Finite interrogative complement clauses
Show more ▼
cite
print