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heal-
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The prefix heal- takes a nominal base to form a noun, however on quite a limited scale since in practice it only combines with the nouns broerbrother and sustersister. Derivations refer to a brother or a sister who either has a different father or mother than oneself. An example is broerbrother > healbroerhalf-brother.

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[+] General properties

The unproductive prefix heal-, actually a prefixoid, is a grammaticalization of the adjective healhalf. Its use is highly restricted as it can only be attached to two words, in healbroerhalf-brother and healsusterhalf-sister, rspectively. In addition, one can also find the word healbernstepchild, to refer to a child from a previous relation of one's partner (cf. styp-).

Alternative prefixes with the same function are kâld-, kalf- and pot-.

[+] Phonological properties

The prefix is pronounced with a broken vowel as [jɛl]. In derivations the stress is on the prefix, for example in HEALsusterhalf-sister.

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Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:65).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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