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wan-
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The prefix wan- is hardly even found in derivations forming adjectives from adjectives. An example is oppassendvirtuous > wanoppassendlawless. The prefix has a negative function: the derivation refers to the opposite of the base form.

The prefix wan- happens to be more productive if the base is a noun).

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[+] General properties

The Germanic prefix wan- is not productive in deriving adjectives on the base of adjectives. This may be due to the high productivity of the competing prefix ûn-. Wan- also has a negative function, and most of the wan- derivations do indeed have a (more productive) alternative form with ûn- and share the same translation. Examples are given in the table below:


Table 1
Base form Derivation Alternative form with ûn-
kantrobust wankantcrooked ûnkantcrooked
oppassendvirtuous wanoppassendlawless
redsumadept at wanredsumawkward ûnredsumawkward
hearrichobedient wanhearrichdisobedient ûnhearrichdisobedient
brekkendbreaking wanbrekkendhard to break ûnbrekkendhard to break
sillichgorgeous wansillichunlucky ûnsillichunlucky

Comparatively speaking, the variants with wan- often have an old-fashioned flavour.

There is one derivation that only occurs in a negative polarity expression. This is lykequal > wanlykunequal, in for example hy is syn heit netwanlykhe is his dad not unequalhe looks a lot like his dad.

[+] Phonological properties

The prefix wan- is pronounced as [vɔn]. Stress falls on the base form: wanKANT, wanHEARrich, wanGEUNstich. The final segment /n/ is subject to phonological phenomena like assimilation and nasalization.

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x
Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:78). Some remarks can also be found in Postma (1901). The negative polarity item wanlyk is mentioned in Hoekstra (1987). More details in Tsjepkema (1997).

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x Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:78). Some remarks can also be found in Postma (1901). The negative polarity item wanlyk is mentioned in Hoekstra (1987). More details in Tsjepkema (1997).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1987Negatio contrariiFriesch Dagblad23-05Taalsnipels 34
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
  • Postma, Gertjan1901WirdfoarmingFerjit my net3149-50
  • Tsjepkema, Hotze1997Efkes taalbuorkje IIKoperative Utjowerij, Boalsert
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