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-boel
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The productive suffix -boel, actually a suffixoid, forms nouns with common gender from other nouns. The noun to which the suffix is related is boelthings, matters. An example of a derivation ending in -boel is papierpaper > papierboelpapers. The derivations have a collective meaning, and are often used pejoratively .

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[+] General properties

The suffix -boel can be attached to various nouns. The table below shows some examples:

Table 1
Base form Derivation
bistanimal bisteboelmessy collection of animals
drekmud drekboelmud
sniesnow snieboelsnow mess
fodderag foddeboelrags
brijporridge brijboelchaos
hokshed hokkeboelgroup of (shabby) sheds
masinemachine masineboelunclear collection of machines
kompjûtercomputer kompjûterboelcomputer mess
papierpaper papierboelpapers, paper mess
For most of the derivations it is the case that there is (1) a collective element and (2) they refer to chaos/a mess. However, there are semantic inconsistencies. For instance: in bisteboel the reference is to a (chaotic) collection of animals. But in brijboelchaos the relationship with porridge is not even literal.

-Boel is a suffixoid that grammaticalized from the noun boelthings, matters. It preserves the common gender of this noun. The word hokshed, for instance, is neuter, whereas the gender of hokkeboelgroup of sheds is common. Due to the collective element, nouns ending in the suffix -boel cannot have a plural; one cannot have *hokkeboelen.

[+] Linking

Some formations show a linking element -e. Examples are bisteboelmessy collection of animals and hokkeboelgroup of (shabby) sheds. This linking element -e resembles the linking element -e that is found in nominal compounds.

[+] Other suffixes that form collective nouns

-Boel is not the only suffix that forms collective nouns. Comparable suffixes are:

  • -brol: papierpaper > papierbrolpapers;
  • -brot: krantnewspaper > krantebrotnewspapers;
  • -dom: minskhuman > minskdomhumanity;
  • -emint: kaakjaw > kakemintthe lower and upper jaw;
  • -guod: fûgelbird > fûgelguodbirds;
  • -heid: minskhuman being > minskheidhumanity;
  • -spul: bistanimal > bistespulanimals;
  • -wurk: skonkleg > skonkwurklegs.

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