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Nouns (used as pronouns) of address
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Some nouns may be used as pronouns of address. An example is given below:

Example 1

Dokter, kan dokter asseblief saamkom?
doctor can.AUX.MOD doctor please along.come
Doctor, could you come along, please?

Here the first instance of the noun dokter doctor are a vocative. The second instance shows that the noun is used as a third person pronoun of address.

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Noun to pronoun conversion characteristically occurs with nouns denoting a unique profession which has social status. More nouns of this kind are dominee pastor, meneer teacher (male), juffrou teacher (female) and professor professor. Such professions are relatively unique; a village tends to have one teacher, one doctor, and so on. More specifically, if you are in a class, there is only one teacher. If you are in a church, there is only one pastor, and so on.

Example 2

Dokter, sal u saam met my kom, asseblief?
doctor will you.HON together with me come please
Doctor, could you come with me, please?

Nouns denoting family relations may also be used in this way, as is shown by the example below:

Example 3

Ma, het jy al geëet?
mother have.AUX you.SG already eat.PST
Mother, have you eaten already?

Nouns denoting family relations, referred to as kinship terms, may also be used in this way, as is shown by Tannie Aunt the example below:

Example 4

Goeie more, Tannie, kan ek vir Tannie tee gaan maak?
good morning aunt can.AUX.MOD I for aunt tea go make
Good morning, Auntie. Can I make you some tea?

More nouns allowing this are pa father, oupa granddad, ouma grandmother, oom uncle en tannie aunt.

Example 5

a. Oupa, het Oupa gister Oupa se fiets reggemaak?
granddad have.AUX granddad yesterday granddad PTCL.GEN bike correct.make.PST
Grandfather, did you repair your bicycle yesterday?

Some professional nouns and family nouns can also be used in the vocative.

Example 6

Goeie more, Dokter. Kan ek vir Dokter tee gaan maak?
good morning doctor can.AUX.MOD I for doctor tea go.LINK make
Good morning, Doctor. Can I make you some tea?

These nouns can, as illustrated above, be used as lexical anaphors. However, some speakers would rather use a second person pronoun in these contexts. In formal contexts the second person pronoun u you will then be used, and informal contexts, the second person pronoun jy you will be used:

Example 7

a. Hallo, Tannie, kan ek vir jou tee gaan maak?
hello aunt can.AUX.MOD I for you.SG tea go.LINK make
Good morning, Auntie. Can I make you some tea?
b. Goeie more, Dokter. Kan ek vir u tee gaan maak?
good morning doctor can.AUX.MOD I for you.HON tea go.LINK make
Good morning, Doctor. Can I make you some tea?
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