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The modification of substantive nouns: Determiners
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In this section an overview and references are given of the subcategories that make up the category of determiners as premodifiers of substantives that are used as the head noun of a Noun Phrase in Afrikaans. Determiners precede the substantive heads of a NP. Substantive heads/nouns are sub categorised as soortname and mass nouns. We follow Ponelis's (1979:123) subcatgorization of determiners: the articles, the demonstratives, questions and the relative pronoun welkewhich, genitives/genitive forms and quantifiers.

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[+] The category of determiners as premodifiers of substantive nouns

Ponelis (1979:123) subcategorises the category of determiners functioning as premodifiers of substantive nouns in the following: the articles, the demonstratives, questions and the relative pronoun welkewhich, genitives/genitive forms and quantors. In the examples of (1) - (5) each of the subcategories is illustrated and a reference provided to the topic.

Articles

Example 1

[NP [ DET `n] e-pos]
a. 'n e-pos
VivA Korpusportaal
an e-mail
an e-mail
[NP [DET die] aansoekvorm]
b. die aansoekvorm
VivA Korpusportaal
the application.form
the application form

Demonstratives

Example 2

[NP[DET hierdie] opsie]
a. hierdie opsie
Viva Korpusportaal
this option
this option
[NP [DET daardie] medisyne
b. daardie medisyne
Viva Korpusportaal
that medicine
that medicine
[NP [DET dié] afdelings op jou aansoekvorm]
c. dié afdelings op jou aansoekvorm
VivA Korpusportaal
these sections on your application.form
these sections on your application form

Questions and the relative pronoun welkewhich

Example 3

[NP [DET watter] voordele-limiet
a. watter voordele-limiet
VivA Korpusportaal
which/what benefit-limit
what limitation on benefits
Formal question word; seldom used
[NP [DET welke] rede ook al]
b. welke rede ook al
VivA Korpusportaal
which/what reason also all
regardless what reason
Informal question word
[NP[DET watse] spesifieke programme
c. watse spesifieke programme
VivA Korpusportaal
which specific programme
which specific programmes
Relative pronoun. Historical form and seldom used in Afrikaans
Die prosedure [NP [DET welke] by so `n geleentheid gevolg word]
d. welke by so `n geleentheid gevolg word
Adapted from e-ANS.
which at such an occasion followed is
which is followed at/during such an occasion

Genitives

Example 4

[NP [DET my/jou] mening]
a. my/jou//haar/sy/ons/julle/u/hulle besittings
my/yourSG/her/his/our/yourPL/yourHON/their possessions
my/your/her/his/our/your/their possessions
[NP [DET Jan se] hemde]
b. Jan se hemde
Jan GEN shirts
Jan's shirts
[NP [DET jou] gewone leser]
c. jou gewone leser
yourSG common/ordinary reader
your ordinary reader
All examples in (4) adapted from Ponelis (1979:123)

Quantifier determiners

Example 5

[NP [DET elke] twee kalenderjare
a. elke twee kalenderjare
VivA Korpusportaal
every two calender years
every two calender years
[NP [DET enige] verdere bystand
b. enige verdere bystand
VivA Korpusportaal
any further assistance
any further assistance
[NP[DET menige] nasionale en internasionale erepennings
c. menige nasionale en internasionale erepennings
VivA Korpusportaal
many national and international honorary.awards
many national and international honorary awards
[NP[DET geen] ander afhanklikes]
d. geen ander afhanklikes
Viva Korpusportaal
no other dependants
no other dependants
References:
  • Anderson, Stephen R2011Cliticsvan Oostendorp, Marc and Ewen, Colin J and Hume, Elizabeth and Rice, Keren (ed.)The Blackwell Companion to Phonology4: Phonological InterfacesWiley-Blackwell2002-2018
  • Anderson, Stephen R2011Cliticsvan Oostendorp, Marc and Ewen, Colin J and Hume, Elizabeth and Rice, Keren (ed.)The Blackwell Companion to Phonology4: Phonological InterfacesWiley-Blackwell2002-2018
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