• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
The clitic allomorph /ən/ of the coordinating conjunction en/ɛn/
quickinfo

If the coordinating conjunction en/ɛn/and is not stressed, its vowel can undergo reduction. The result is /ən/, a form with schwa as both the only and the initial vowel. This it the reason that it cannot function as an independent word, but only as a clitic. The behaviour and distribution of this reduced variant of en is the subject of this topic.

readmore

If the coordinating conjunction en/ɛn/and is not stressed, its vowel can undergo reduction (see Riemersma (1979:52-53)). The result is /ən/, a form with schwa as both the only and the initial vowel, for which reason it cannot function as an independent word, but only as a clitic. That this reduced variant may show up as syllabic [n̩] is indicative of the fact that /ən/ and the word preceding it make up one phonological word (see Syllabic sonorant consonants). Examples of the clitic behaviour of /ən/ are given in (1):

Example 1

Examples of the clitic behaviour of the coordinating conjunction 'en'
út en troch /yt ɛn trox/ [ytn̩trox] out and through (every) now and then
op en út /op ɛn yt/ [opm̩yt] on and out through and through
ienentritich /jɪn ɛn tritəɣ/ [jɪnn̩tritəx] one and thirty thirty-one

The above are (fixed) collocations, which seem to provide the most appropriate context for the reduction of the vowel of en/ɛn/and.

References:
  • Riemersma, Tr1979Sylabysjerring, nazzeljerring, assymyljerringLjouwertKoperative Utjowerij
Suggestions for further reading ▼
phonology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show more ▼
morphology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
  • Degree
    [77%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
  • -k
    [77%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Verbal suffixes > Noun as base
  • Weak verbs
    [76%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Verbs
  • Strong and other irregular verbs
    [76%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Verbs
  • In prenominal position
    [75%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
Show more ▼
syntax
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show more ▼
cite
print