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Verbal suffixes
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There are a number of suffixes found in verbs, only non-native -eer and its allomorphs can be used to productively form new ones.

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Dutch has three native verbalizing suffixes (all unproductive) and one non-native one with a number of allomorphs (productive):

  • (unproductive) native -el that often has an iterative meaning, e.g. trappeltrample < traptrap.
  • (unproductive) native -er, e.g. knipperento blink. The suffix sometimes seems to have an iterative meaning.
  • (unproductive) native -ig, e.g. pijnigento rack, to cause pain.
  • non-native -eer, as in demonstreerdemonstrate, and its variant -iseer, as in moderniseermodernize.

References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
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          morphology
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              syntax
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