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Verbs
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New verbs can be formed by means of the derivational processes prefixation and suffixation, but also by means of conversion and compounding.

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New Dutch verbs can be formed by a number of derivational processes:

  • Verbal prefixation, e.g. the verb vergelento become yellow is derived from the adjective geelyellow by means of the prefix ver-.
  • Verbal suffixation, e.g. the verb moderniseermodernize is derived from the adjective modernmodern by means of the suffix -iseer.
  • conversion, e.g. the verbs voetbalplay football and computerto work with the computer are derived from the nouns voetbalfootball and computercomputer, respectively, but the difference in word class does not correspond to a difference in form.
  • There are no verbalising circumfixes; forms such as destaliniserenremove the effects of Stalin's politics (< Stalin) (where *destalin and *staliniseren are not attested) are best analyzed as the result of conflation of two word formation processes (Booij 2010)

New verbs entering the language may also have other sources, e.g.

  • borrowing: e.g. the verb componerento compose is a loan from Latin where the original infinitive suffix -ere is re-interpreted as a verbalising suffix (see Etymologiebank).
  • compounding: e.g. the verb plankzeilento windsurf is a combination of the noun plankplank, board and the verb zeilento sail. An important subclass of the verbal compounds is formed by the separable complex verbs or SVCs: a verb like pianospelenpiano-playto play the piano sometimes behaves as one word (ik wil kunnen pianospelenI want can piano.playI want to be able to play the piano) and sometimes as two (speel jij piano?play you pianodo you play the piano?). particle verbs, such as voorgaanbefore-goto precede, to lead (in prayer), are a major subcategory of the SVCs.
  • univerbation: e.g. several complex inseparable verbs, such as omsingelento encircle, derive from particle verbs but are no longer separable.
  • Many verbs, especially from the learned parts of the vocabulary, are the product of neoclassical wordformation, e.g. pacificerento pacify.

References:
  • Booij, Geert2010Construction morphologyOxford/New YorkOxford University Press
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