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-een
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-een/e:n/ is a non-native stress-bearing cohering suffix forming nouns. It is found in two types of nouns: inhabitant names of common gender based on geographical names such as ChileenChilean (< ChiliChile), with a plural form in -en (ChilenenChileans), as well as in (international scientific) chemical compound names of neuter gender such as benzeenbenzene.

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-een is a non-native suffix forming nouns. De Haas and Trommelen (1993: 201-2) distinguish two types:

  • a small set of inhabitant names of common gender based on geographical names such as ChileenChilean (< ChiliChile ), with a plural form in -en (ChilenenChileans). In Chileensomeone from Chile, Manilleensomeone from Manilla and Limeensomeone from Lima we see deletion of the final vowel of the base, in Madrileensomeone from Madrid we see an allomorphic variant of the suffix. These -een formations are input to adjective formation by means of the suffix -s, e.g. Chileensfrom or related to Chile. Female inhabitant names are on the basis of the adjective, e.g. Chileensewoman from Chile.
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    See Affixes.org for ample discussion of the English counterpart -ene.

  • an open set of neuter mass nouns referring to chemical compounds, esp. hydrocarbons, containing a double or triple carbon-carbon bond, such as anthraceenanthracene, benzeenbenzene, nafthaleennaphthalene, styreenstyrene, tolueentoluene, xyleenxylene (Affixes.org). Dutch follows the official international terminology here, with only small adaptations in spelling and pronunciation. These formations are often used without an article (bij de ontploffing is benzeen vrijgekomenat the explosion is benzene free-comein the explosion, benzene was released).
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    Completely parallel to the information Affixes.org gives for the English counterpart -ene, the -een suffix is restricted in systematic chemical naming to open-chain (aliphatic) hydrocarbons that contain a double bond: hepteen, cyclopenteen. Some chemical compounds have both a systematic and a common name: etheen is the systematic name for ethyleen, propeen for propyleen, and so on. The general term for a member of the series, with its chemical formula CnH2n, is alkeen (or alcohol, as in German). The ending -yleen is used in systematic naming only to describe the groups —CH2— (methyleen), —C2H4— (ethyleen), and —C6H4— (phenyleen). Molecules that contain two double carbon-carbon bonds are given names using -dieen: butadieen, cyclopentadieen; those containing three double carbon-carbon bonds use -trieen: hexatrieen, cycloheptatrieen. Such compounds are known generically as diënendienes and triënentrienes respectively.

The suffix -een carries the main stress of the derivation. It is cohering, as syllabification does not respect the morphological segmentation (ChileenChil.een/ʃi-'le:n/).

References:
  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij
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