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-oot
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-oot/o:t/ is a rare non-native unproductive stress-bearing cohering suffix found in a few inhabitant names (Caïrootsomeone from Cairo) and possibly in some other nouns like zelootzelot. -oot formations are of common gender, selecting the definite singular article de, and have a plural form in -en (Cypriotenpeople from Cyprus).

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The suffix -oot/o:t/ is found in a few inhabitant names (Cairootsomeone from Cairo (with truncation of final /o/), Cypriootsomeone from Cyprus (allomorph -ioot with truncation of final /us/)). The nouns can be input for adjectives by means of the suffix -isch (Cypriotischfrom or pertaining to Cyprus). Feminines are formed by means of the suffix -e (Cypriotewoman from Cyprus) or based on the adjective (Cypriotischewoman from to Cyprus).

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De Haas and Trommelen (1993: 201) mention mallootgoof and psychootpsychotic as as other cases of -oot formations. (Philippa 2003-2009) suggests another analysis for malloot (< French malotwasp, bumblebee). For psychoot one might think of nominalization of the adjective psychotischpsychotisch by means of truncation of the last syllable; exootexotic animal that does not belong in the biotope it is found in < exotischexotic might be analyzed along the same lines.

Given that they are also nouns of common gender and have a plural form in -en, De Haas and Trommelen (1993: 201) leave open the possibility that nouns like pilootpilot, zelootzealot and idiootidiot, which are loans, also contain the -oot suffix.

In -oot formations, the suffix carries the main stress: Cairoot/ka.i.'ro:t/someone from Cairo. As the transcription shows, syllabification does not correspond with the morphological structure, that is, the suffix is cohering.

References:
  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij
  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij
  • Philippa, Marlies, Debrabandere, Frans, Quak, Arend, Schoonheim, Tanneke & Sijs, Nicoline van der2003-2009Etymologisch Woordenboek van het NederlandsAmsterdam University Press
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