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-aat
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-aat/a:t/ is a non-native unproductive stress-bearing cohering suffix found in various classes of nouns (e.g. soldaatsoldier, AziaatAsian, consulaatconsulate, resultaatresult, chloraatchlorate) and a few adjectives (e.g. desperaatdesperate). Nouns in -aat referring to persons are usually of common gender, those that refer to things are usually neuter.

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The suffix -aat/a:t/ is found in a number of nouns and a few adjectives based on bases from French or Latin, or they are loans from these languages. Whereas the suffix is highly productive in English (Affixes.org), it is not in Dutch (Etymologiebank). De Haas and Trommelen (1993: 198-99, 349) distinguish a number of subtypes:

  • Personal names of common gender such as soldaatsoldier, castraatcastrate, kandidaatcandidate. The bases are bound forms (cf. soldijpay, castrerento castrate). The plural form is in -en (soldatensoldiers), if there is a female form it is in -e (kandidatefemale candidate).
  • Inhabitant's names like AziaatAsian and Klein-Aziaatsomeone from Asia Minor. The plural form is in -en (AziatenAsians), if there is a female form it is in -e (Aziatewoman from Asia).
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    x

    As De Haas and Trommelen (1993: 198) point out, Klein-Aziaatsomeone from Asia Minor is exceptional as complex geographical names often take a inhabitant's name forming suffix that differs from their simplex counterparts, cf. Nieuw-Zeelandersomeone from New Zealand with Zeeuwsomeone from Zealand.

  • Neuter nouns referring to offices, ranks or positions (cf. Affixes.org), (e.g. pastoraatpastorate, professoraatprofessorship), places or territories (e.g. consulaatconsulate, kalifaatcaliphate) or educational institutions (internaatboarding school). The plural form is in -en (kalifatencaliphates)
  • Neuter nouns denoting abstract or concrete things, often on the basis of bound forms also found in verbs in -eren, e.g. resultaatresult (cf. resulterento result), plagiaatplagiate (plagiërento plagiarize). If the meaning of the noun allows for a plural, it is in -en (resultatenresults).
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    x

    There is some variation in the form of the noun and/or the verb: De Haas and Trommelen (1993: 349) point at the pair kwadraterento square (< kwadraatsquare) vs. plagiërento plagiarize (< plagiaatplagiate).

  • In chemical terminology, neuter nouns that refer to salts of acids whose English names end in -ic, e.g. kaliumfosfaatpotassium phosphate, a compound of potassium and phosphoric acid.
  • A few adjectives based on nouns (idolaatidolate < idoolidol) or bound forms (accuraataccurate, obligaatobligatory).
The -aat suffix carries the main stress of the derivation it is found in: consulaatconsul-aat/kɔn.sy.'la:t/consulate. The transcription shows that the suffix is cohering: syllabification does not respect the morphological structure.

References:
  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij
  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij
  • Haas, Wim de & Trommelen, Mieke1993Morfologisch handboek van het Nederlands. Een overzicht van de woordvormingSDU Uitgeverij
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