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efter-
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The prefix efter- derives nouns from other nouns. It is used for kinship terms. Derivation with efter- denotes a relative in a more distant degree than the one named in the base. An example is nichtcousin > efternichtsecond cousin.

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[+] General properties

In fact, efter- is more of a prefixoid, as it derives from the preposition efterbehind. It creates nouns from other nouns, or to be more precise, kinship terms. A derivation with efter- denotes a relative in a more distant degree than the one described in the base. Examples of derivations with the prefix efter- are listed below.


Table 1
Base form Derivation
neefcousin efterneefsecond cousin (male)
nichtcousin efternichtsecond cousin (female)
bernsberngrandchild(ren) efterbernsberngreat-grandchild(ren)

The prefix efter- can also be found in the now obsolete forms eftersus(ter)lingsecond cousin and eftertrutlingdistant relative.

Theoretically, there may be endless recursion when using efter-, but in reality forms like efterefterefternichtfourth cousin will be difficult find (cf. bet-).

[+] Phonological properties

The prefix is pronounced as [ɛftər]. In the derivations the stress is on the prefix, for example as EFTERneefsecond cousin).

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Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:65).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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