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nij-
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The prefix nij- (etymologically related to the adjective nijnew) can form adjectives on the basis of other adjectives. The input, however, is restricted to adjectively used past participles. The formations denote the recent finishing of the action referred to by the past participle. An example is seancooked > nijseanjust cooked.

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[+] General properties

The prefix nij- originates from the adjective nijnew, and can therefore be considered as a prefixoid. As is the case with the prefix eigen-, it only occurs with adjectively used past participles. The formations denote the recent finishing of the action referred to by the past participle. Examples are given in the table below:


Table 1
Base form Derivation
berneborn nijbernejust born
troudmarried nijtroudjust married
makkemade nijmakkejust made
wûnharvested nijwûnjust harvested
meandmowed nijmeandjust mowed
foarmeformed nijfoarmenewly formed

Although clearly related to nijnew, this adjective/adverb can not appear as independent word in the related verbal constructions, cf. *ik ha de jirpels nij seanI have the potatoes new cooked. In such verbal constructions, an adverb like krektjust is called for. This is a good reason for assuming that the element nij- in phrases like de nijseane jirpelsthe new-cooked potatoesthe newly cooked potatoes must have the status of a prefix.

[+] Phonological properties

The prefix nij- is pronounced as [nɛi]. The stress is on the prefix, for example in NIJwûnjust harvested or NIJtroudjust married.

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Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:79), and on Hoekstra (1991) in particular.

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1991Nijmakke en eigenoanretFriesch Dagblad21-09Taalsnipels 201
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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