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Absolute with-construction
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The absolute with-construction contains a complementiser (the preposition with), the argument of the predication (Douwe) and the Verb Phrase (VP) predicate:

Example 1

Mei [Douwe te útfanhúzjen] kinne se wolris in minne nacht ha
with Douwe to stay.overnight can they DcP a bad night have
With Douwe staying overnight, they could well have a bad night
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The to-infinitive is the only verb form allowed in the absolute with-construction. Other infinitives are not allowed:

Example 2

a. *Mei [Douwe útfanhúzje] kinne se wolris in minne nacht ha
with Douwe stay.overnight.OI can they DcP a bad night have
With Douwe staying overnight, they could well have a bad night
b. *Mei [Douwe útfanhúzjen] kinne se wolris in minne nacht ha
with Douwe stay.overnight.GI can they DcP a bad night have
With Douwe staying overnight, they could well have a bad night

The with-construction does not allow the syntactic expression of the object argument of the to-infinitive:

Example 3

*Mei [Douwe kofje te drinken] kinne se wolris in minne nacht ha
with Douwe coffee to drink can they DcP a bad night have
With Douwe drinking coffee, they could well have a bad night

The object argument must be morphologically incorporated:

Example 4

Mei [Douwe te kofjedrinken] kinne se wolris in minne nacht ha
with Douwe to coffee.drink can they DcP a bad night have
With Douwe drinking coffee, they could well have a bad night
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