• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
The modal verb hoegeneed
quickinfo

The modal verb hoegeneed must appear in a clause-union structure in case it selects an infinitival clause. Furthermore, it must be adjacent to the verb which it selects, the only exception being that a verbal particle is allowed to intervene. As a result, this verb cannot display the so-called third construction, in which arguments of the main verb appear to the left and to the right of the selecting verb (in an embedded clause).

readmore

The modal verb hoegeneed must appear in a clause-union structure, as shown below, in which the to-infinitive occurs to the right of the selecting verb:

Example 1

Omdat gjinien har mei har wurk hoegde te helpen
because nobody her with her work need to help
Because nobody needed to help her with her work

The to-infinitive does not occur to the left of the selecting verb:

Example 2

?*Omdat gjinien har mei har wurk te helpen hoegde
because nobody her with her work to help need
Because nobody needed to help her with her work

The arguments and predicates selected by the infinitival verb may only appear to the left of the verbal cluster consisting of the modal and the to-infinitive (except for the verbal particle, which is also called intransitive adposition, see below). For example, the Adposition Phrase (PP) mei har wurkwith her work cannot intervene between the selecting verb and the main verb, as shown below:

Example 3

a. Omdat gjinien har mei har wurk hoegde te helpen
because nobody her with her work needed to help
Because nobody needed to help her with her work
b. ?*Omdat gjinien har hoegde mei har wurk te helpen
because nobody her needed with her work to help
Because nobody needed to help her with her work
c. Omdat er mei skimpskoaten op it langhierrich rosmos net by dy oan hoegde te kommen
because he with jeers at the long-haired scum not at you to need to come
Because he did not need to come up to you with taunts about long-haired scum
d. ?*Omdat er mei skimpskoaten op it langhierrich rosmos net oan hoegde by dy te kommen
because he with jeers at the long-haired scum not to needed at you to come
Because he did not need to come up to you jeering at long-haired scum

Particles may intervene in the verbal cluster in case the selected verb is placed to the right of the selecting verb, as is the case when the selected verb is a to-infinitive:

Example 4

a. Omdat er mei skimpskoaten op it langhierrich rosmos net by dy hoegde oan te kommen
because he with jeers at the long-haired scum not at you need P to come
Because he did not need to come up to you with taunts about long-haired scum
b. ?Omdat er mei skimpskoaten op it langhierrich rosmos net oan by dy hoegde te kommen
because he with jeers at the long-haired scum not P at you to to come
Because he did not need to come up to you jeering at long-haired scum

Some speakers may find that last sentence above ungrammatical. The particle may not be incorporated in infinitives selected by the modal hoegeneed:

Example 5

a. *Omdat er mei skimpskoaten op it langhierrich rosmos net by dy hoegde te oan-kommen
because he with jeers at the long-haired scum not at you need to P-come
Because he did not need to come up to you with taunts about long-haired scum
b. *Omdat er fan my net hieltyd hoecht te op-rêden
because he of me not constantly needs to P-clean
Because he does not constantly need to clean up, as far as I am concerned
References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • 6.2.1. Perfect auxiliaries
      [86%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 6 Projection of verb phrases IIIc:Complements of non-main verbs > 6.2. Non-main verbs selecting a participle
    • 4.4.2. Bare infinitivals
      [83%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 4 Projection of verb phrases IIIa:Selection of clauses/verb phrases > 4.4. Three main types of infinitival argument clauses
    • 7.2. The hierarchical order of verbs in verb clusters
      [83%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 7 Projection of verb phrases IIId:Verb clusters
    • 2.2.3. Resultative constructions
      [83%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 2 Projection of verb phrases I:Argument structure > 2.2. Complementives (secondary predicates)
    • 6.2.2. Passive auxiliaries
      [83%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 6 Projection of verb phrases IIIc:Complements of non-main verbs > 6.2. Non-main verbs selecting a participle
    Show more ▼
    cite
    print