• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
-erik
quickinfo

The suffix -erik[ərɪk] is a Germanic cohering suffix making nouns from adjectives. The result is a name of a person, usually with a pejorative meaning component. The main stress in the derivation is on the same syllable as in the base word, the last syllable of the affix carries secondary stress.

Schema:
[[A]erik](N)

Meaning:
  • someone having the property denoted by A

readmore
[+] Morphosyntactic and semantic properties

The suffix -erik[ərɪk] is a Germanic unstressed cohering suffix, making nouns. The result is a count noun of common gender, selecting the definite singular article de. Inputs are mainly monosyllabicGermanicadjectives: bangerikcoward (< bangafraid), slimmeriksmartass (< slimsmart), but the spoken Dutch corpus (CGN) has also gemenerikmeanie from the formally derived Germanic adjective gemeenmean and (Belgian) ambetanterikannoying person and degoutanterikdisgusting person from the Romance adjectives ambetantannoying and dégoutantdisgusting.

[show extra information]
x

The noun ganzerikgander, male goose (gansgoose) is exceptional because the base is a noun and the derived noun refers to an animal rather than a person. The noun miauwerikcat (miauwento meow) is exceptional as well, because the noun refers to an animal rather than a person. http://gtb.inl.nl/iWDB/search?actie=article&wdb=WNT&id=F000029&lemmodern=-erik The etymology of leeuweriklark (see leeuwerik) and zwezerikthymus, sweatbread (see zwezerik) is unclear, but these words probably do not contain the suffix -erik.

In informal Dutch, one also finds -erik formations refering to things rather than persons, e.g. hogerikloft (< hooghigh) and dieperikdepth, demise (< diepdeep). In this case, the input category can be verbal as well: gaperikmouth (< gapento yawn), pafferikgun (paffento pop).

The suffix -erik is more popular in Belgian Dutch than in the North. New formations in -erik are rare. They often sound slightly artificial (see Woord van de week: Week 32: 4 augustus - 10 augustus 2013).

[+] Phonological properties

The suffix -erik does not change the stress pattern of the stem it attaches to, but the last syllable carries secondary stress. -erik is a cohering suffix: syllabification does not respect the morphological boundary: viezerikvies-erik['vi-zə-rɪk]. The stem of the base may not end in /r/ (cf. the general restriction on [rər] syllables): forms like *stoererik (< stoersturdy, stout) are not attested and impossible. A solution is to insert a /d/, e.g. stoerderiksturdy person is attested.

[+] Inflectional properties

Plurals of -erik formations are in –en: (slechterikenbad guys, miauwerikencats).

[+] Morphological potential

There is no regular explicitly marked female counterpart for –erik formations: the forms can be used to refer to males and females alike. Diminutives of -erik formations are rare, but if they occcur they are predictably in -je (viezerikjelittle dirty fellow).There are no –erik formations occurring as left parts of compounds in the Spoken Dutch Corpus (CGN). Nouns in –erik cannot be converted into verbs.

[show extra information]
x

In the Netherlands, the informal verb viezikento mess is attested, probably derived from viezik, a shortened variant of more common viezerikdirty fellow < viesdirty.

References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • -aard
      [84%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal suffixes
    • -ing
      [84%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal suffixes
    • -er (nominal)
      [82%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal suffixes
    • -heid
      [82%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal suffixes
    • -erd
      [82%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal suffixes
    Show more ▼
    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    cite
    print