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The Participio-pro-Infinitivo
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Irrealis clusters of 4 verbs come in two kinds in Modern Frisian. One of them, like the B-construction in nineteenth-century Frisian, is restricted to main clauses. The other type, the A-construction, is not restricted in this way. The two types have the property that they exhibit the phenomenon of parasitic participles, that is, they have a perfect participle in a position in which an infinitive is expect. The parasitic participle can always be replaced by an infinitive, which is the normal case. The presence of a participle or infinitive is immaterial to the interpretation of the cluster. An example of a parasitic participle construction is given below:

Example 1

Soe hy dat dien ha kinnen?
would he that done have could.PfP
Could he have done that?
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More details about the Participio-pro-Infinitivo can be found by following the corresponding links:

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x Literature

More details can be found in Bloemhoff (1979) and Den Dikken and Hoekstra (1997).

References:
  • Bloemhoff, Henk1979Heranalyse van een Stellingwerver oppervlaktestructuurUs Wurk2831-38
  • Dikken, Marcel den & Hoekstra, Eric1997Parasitic participlesLinguistics351057-1089
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phonology
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morphology
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syntax
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  • 4.1.1. Overview
    [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 4 Projection of adjective phrases III: Comparison > 4.1. Equative, comparative and superlative formation
  • 1.3.1.2. Inf-nominalization (Infinitival nominals)
    [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 1 Characterization and classification > 1.3. Derivation of nouns > 1.3.1. Deverbal nouns
  • 3.1.2. Modification by an intensifier
    [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 3 Projection of adjective phrases II: Modification > 3.1. Modification of scalar adjectives
  • 5.1.2.1. Proper nouns
    [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 5 Determiners: articles and pronouns > 5.1. Articles > 5.1.2. Noun phrases without an article
  • 6.2.1. The three main construction types
    [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 6 Predicative use of the adjective phrase > 6.2. Complementive use of the adjective
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