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No IPIs with verbs of perception
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Neither the argument Imperativus-pro-Infinitivo construction (IPI) nor the adjunct IPI can be found with verbs of perception.

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Verbs of perception select a gerundial infinitival clause containing a subject, as shown in the example below:

Example 1

Hy seach ien by de reinpiip op klatterjen
he saw one at the rain.pipe up climb
He saw someone climbing up the rain pipe

Neither the adjunct IPI nor the argument IPI can be found with these verbs, as shown in the example below:

Example 2

a. *Hy seach ien by de reinpiip op klatterjen en tikje op it rút
he saw one at the rain.pipe up climb and knock on the window
He saw someone climbing up the rain pipe and knock on the window
b. *Hy seach (it) en klatterje ien by de reinpiip op
he saw it and climb one at the rain.pipe up
He saw someone climbing up the rain pipe

The ungrammaticality of the adjunct IPI is surprising. If this IPI functions as an ordinary adjunct, it should be acceptable. Apparently, the adjunct IPI must be controlled by a modal element, that is, a modal verb or the non-finite complementiser omfor. The ungrammaticality of the argument IPI is surprising as well. However, the distribution of argument IPIs is a subset of the distribution of infinitival clauses optionally introduced by the non-finite complementiser omfor. To-infinitives may not be found with verbs of perception either:

Example 3

a. *Hy seach (it) (om) ien by de reinpiip op te klatterjen
he saw it for one at the rain.pipe up to climb
He saw someone climbing up the rain pipe
b. *Hy seach (it) (om) by de reinpiip op te klatterjen
he saw it for at the rain.pipe up to climb
He saw himself climbing up the rain pipe

It is not just the presence of the subject which causes the ungrammaticality of to-infinitivals with verbs of perception, since leaving out the subject is ungrammatical as well. If the subject is absent with ordinary infinitival complements to perception verbs, the result is a mild ungrammaticality:

Example 4

?Hy seach by de reinpiip op klatterjen
he saw at the rain.pipe up climb
He saw (one or more) persons climbing up the rain pipe

Why do verbs of perception resist to-infinitivals? Presumably, to-infinitivals differ from ordinary infinitivals with respect to certain semantic properties involving modality, subjunctivity, factivity and the like. However this may be, the net effect is that verbs of perception select neither to-infinitivals nor argument IPIs.

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