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Phrase as base
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There are two Frisian suffixes that can form an adverb on the basis of a phrase, viz. -en and -s. Examples are fanneden[[fan](P)[need](N)]]enof-need-ennecessarily and ûnderweis[[ûnder](P)[wei](N)]sunder-way-son the way.

Most phrases are Adpositions Phrases (PPs), but Noun Phrases (NPs) also occur. They have a basic content; that is, articles, and often also adjectives, are missing. The function of the suffixes is to mark the transposition of the phrase to a word, and to mark its adverbial character. The pattern seems to be unproductive: only fixed combinations are involved. It should be noted that both suffixes also take adverbs as base.

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    phonology
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    morphology
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    • Adverb as base
      [72%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adverbial suffixes
    • Suffixation
      [70%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation
    • -en
      [70%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adverbial suffixes > Adverb as base
    • -s
      [69%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adverbial suffixes > Phrase as base
    • Adverbial suffixes
      [69%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation
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    syntax
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