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-k
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The suffix -k can derive verbs from adjectives. There are only a few examples, like blierhappy > blierkjeto look happy.

The suffix -k mainly derives verbs from other verbs, or from nouns.

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The combination of the suffix -k and an adjectival base is rather rare. One example is leafsweet > leafkjeto caress. A rhyming effect is suggested by the triplet blierhappy > blierkjeto look happy, skieralmost > skierkjeto age, fierfar > fierkjeto gaze into the distance. In these cases we see breaking (in this case of [iə] to [jI]), which is not uncommon in derivations with -k.

The forms mentioned above do not belong to daily language anymore. Maybe, this is a little different with sleaukjeto linger (from sleaulethargic) and loaikjebe idle (from loailazy). The basic adjectives of these verbs end in a vowel, which may be an impetus for suffixation with -k.

The main function of the suffix seems to be to change the word class. As this can also be performed by conversion alone, the element -k can be viewed as an extra marking. As with other derivations with -k, the resulting verb follows the paradigm of the weak verbs of class II (so-called je-verbs).

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x Literature

This topic is mainly based on Hoekstra (1998:153).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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