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Adverbial suffixes
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Four categories may form the basis to derive adverbs by way of suffixation. The most important are nouns and adverbs themselves. The typical nominal base is formed by a time expression, which thus can be used adverbially. If adverbs are suffixed, then the function of the process is often rather vague. In many cases not much more can be said than that the adverbiality is strengthened. Some cases show some more focus on the manner in which the event involved is performed.

Verbal bases are quite rare. Only the suffix -(e)lings is involved, which expresses a manner. The most peculiar base form is made up by phrases, in particular adposition phrases (PPs). However, such phrases are always defective; they never show an article, for example. Only two suffixes are attached to a phrasal base, i.e. -en and -s.

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More details about the different bases and the suffixes used to derive adverbs from these bases can be found by following the corresponding links:

References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
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    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
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    • -en
      [75%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adverbial suffixes > Adverb as base
    • Personal pronouns
      [74%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Pronouns
    • Adverb as base
      [74%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adverbial suffixes
    • -(e)lings
      [74%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adverbial suffixes > Noun as base
    • Suffixation
      [73%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation
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    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • 8.2.1. Clausal adverbs
      [74%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 8 Adverbial use of the adjective phrase > 8.2. Modification in the clausal domain: clause and VP adverbs
    • 1.3. Inflection
      [74%] Dutch > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1 Characterization and classification
    • 3.1.2. Locational PPs that denote a set of vectors
      [74%] Dutch > Syntax > Adpositions and adpositional phrases > 3 Projection of adpositional phrases: Modification > 3.1. Spatial adpositional phrases
    • 3.3.1. Adpositional phrases
      [73%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 3 Projection of noun phrases II: modification > 3.3. Postmodification
    • 5.2.3.1. Classification
      [73%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 5 Determiners: articles and pronouns > 5.2. Pronouns > 5.2.3. Demonstrative pronouns
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