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-er
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The suffix -er derives verbs from other verbs. The derived verbs denote a repetition of the action of the base form, for example: klomjeto be blue with cold > klommerjeto suffer with cold.

Other verbal suffixes with an iterative or frequentative function are -el and -k.

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[+] General properties

-er derives verbs from other verbs, denoting a repetition of the action of the base form. The base form often has an iterative or frequentative function already, so the derivation only serves as a reinforcement of this function. Examples are given in the table below:

Table 1
Base form Derivation
snjitteto spout snjitterjespout repeatedly
stjitteto bump stjitterjeto stutter
tûkjeto prick tûkerjeto prickle
snokketo sob snokkerjeto break out in sobs
gobjeto joke gobberjeto poke fun at
gûkjeto watch gûkerjeto watch closely
klamjeto clasp klammerjeto clasp tightly
klappeto applaud klapperjeto chatter
kloetsjeto pole kluotterjeto pole continously
It is questionable whether one can always speak of synchronic derivations in these cases. The relation between derivation and base form is opaque anyhow in beevjeto tremble > bibberjeto tremble with and sizeto hiss > systerjeto make a hissing noise.
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x Another suffix -er

The suffix -er can also derive adjectives from verbs.

[+] Relation to the suffix -el

The suffix -er[ər] has a comparable suffix -el, which can also derive verbs from other verbs. There is no clear rule for the choice between the use of -er or -el. More details can be found in the topic on -el).

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x Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:142).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
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