• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
Aspectual verbs of becoming
quickinfo

Aspectual verbs of becoming include: reitsjeto get, kommeto come, geanto go. In a locative context, these verbs are used to denote a change of location.

readmore

The normal verb of becoming for adjectival predicates is wurdeto become, but this is hardly ever used with Adposition Phrases (PPs):

Example 1

a. *Romke wurdt yn 'e sûs
Romke becomes in the swoon
Romkegets drowsy
b. Romke rekke yn 'e sûs
Romke becomes in the swoon
Romke gets drowsy

The verb reitsjeto get characteristically combines with prepositional phrases which do not have a locational interpretation:

Example 2

a. Sa stadichoan rekke elkenien yn 'e klean
so gradually got everybody in the clothes
Gradually everybody got dressed
b. Op 't lest rekke er doch yn 'e sliep
at last got he nevertheless in the sleep
At last, however, he fell asleep

The verb reitsjeto get entails a non-volitional perspective. If it combines with a locative PP, then the suggestion is that the event happened without the subject consciously planning it:

Example 3

Sape rekke de hjerstmis nei Drachtstermerke
Sape got the autumn to Drachten.fair
Sape found himself at the fair of Drachten in the autumn

Prototypical motional verbs are kommeto come and geanto go. Spatial PPs characteristically combine with these verbs and together they have a change of location as their result:

Example 4

a. Hy giet op bêd
he goes on bed
He goes to bed
b. Hy komt fan 't bêd
he comes of the bed
He comes out of bed

These verbs also combine with bare infinitives and with to-infinitives (see Geango (a copula of absence and transition) and Kommecome).

References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • Separable complex verbs (SCVs)
      [62%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Compounding
    • Case in the tot-INFINITIVE-s toe construction
      [61%] Dutch > Morphology > Inflection > Nouns > Case
    • her-
      [61%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Verbs > Verbal prefixes
    • be-
      [59%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Verbs > Verbal prefixes
    • ver-
      [59%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Verbs > Verbal prefixes
    • -ig
      [63%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Verbal suffixes > Noun as base
    • -jei
      [62%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Verbal suffixes > Noun as base
    • General categories
      [59%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Verbs
    • Strong and other irregular verbs
      [59%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Verbs
    • Verbal suffixes
      [59%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation
    Show more ▼
    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    cite
    print