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Combinatorial properties of postpositions
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The complement of a postposition is generally a Adposition Phrase (PP). It cannot be a clause, for clauses denote propositions and it seems that directions and propositions exclude each other. The complement of a postposition can be a Noun Phrase (NP) just in case the noun has the meaning of way, direction.

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The postpositional complement may be realised as a prepositional phrase, as in the following two examples, in which the PP functioning as postpositional complement has been bracketed:

Example 1

a. [By de berch] op
at the mountain up
Going up the mountain
b. [Om 1920] hinne
until 1920 around
Around 1920

The postpositional complement may be realised as an NP in case the noun has the meaning of 'direction'. The preposition útout allows this option, as shown below:

Example 2

a. Dy kant út!
that way out
That way!
b. De trein giet de Swolster kant út
the train goes the Swol-A way out
The train is going in the direction of Zwolle

Some idiomatic nouns may also be construed as directions. This has peculiar semantic effects on the postposition (see Complementation of Adposition Phrases, and especially Postposition with postpositional complement):

Example 3

a. [It westen] út wei
the west out away
From the west
b. Se rinne [de hemmen] út
they walk the meadows out
They walk into the meadows
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