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Numeral measure nouns
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A numeral measure noun refers to an exact number of things. For example, a phrase like in dozyna dozen refers to an exact amount of countable things, namely twelve.

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All numeral measure nouns can be preceded by numerals, whereas numerals themselves cannot be preceded by numerals. So the following contrast obtains:

Example 1

a. Trije dozyn
three dozen.SG
Three dozens
b. *Trije tolve
three twelve
Three dozens

Compounds with the suffix –talnumber provide a productive example of numeral measure nouns:

Example 2

Trije tsientallen
three ten.number.PL
Three teams of ten

Such compounds have a regular plural after numerals, whereas a noun like dozyndozen is not pluralised following a numeral.

References:
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                • 4.1.1.1. Types of N1s and N2s
                  [53%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 4 Projection of noun phrases III: binominal constructions > 4.1. Binominal constructions without a preposition > 4.1.1. Quantificational constructions: een paar boeken 'a couple of books'
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