• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
Part nouns
quickinfo

Part nouns divide substances, referred to by the content noun, into smaller wholes.

readmore

Four examples of referential partitive constructions with part nouns are given below:

Example 1

a. In reep sûkelarje
a bar chocolate
A bar of chocolate
b. In stikje sûkelarje
a piece chocolate
A piece of chocolate
c. In brok sûkelarje
a lump chocolate
A lump of chocolate
d. In krommeltsje sûkelarje
a crumb chocolate
A crumb of chocolate

Part nouns cannot enter the partitive construction with meiwith in the reading that the part fully consists of whatever is the denotation of the substance noun.

Example 2

*In reep mei sûkelarje
a bar with chocolate
A bar of chocolate

A phrase such as (2) is only grammatical if it means that the bar consists of a substance that is different from chocolate, though having chocolate as supplementary substance. The same holds in case the part noun is joined to the substance noun by the adjective folfull, as in the example below:

Example 3

*In reep fol sûkelarje
a bar with chocolate
A bar of chocolate

This phrase is ungrammatical in the reading that the bar fully consists of chocolate. It is only grammatical if the bar consists of a substance that is different from chocolate while having chocolate as a second substance everywhere. Therefore, the following sentence is grammatical, on the reading that the bar consists of some substance (which is likely to be chocolate) which is filled with something else, namely hazel nuts:

Example 4

In reep fol hazzenuten
a bar full hazelnuts
A bar filled with hazel nuts

The same holds in case the part noun is joined to the substance noun by the phrase fol meifull with:

Example 5

In reep fol mei hazzenuten
a bar full with hazelnuts
A bar filled with hazel nuts
References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • In prenominal position
      [76%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
    • Ellipsis
      [76%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
    • Degree
      [76%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
    • Ellipsis
      [75%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Nouns
    • -k
      [75%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Verbal suffixes > Noun as base
    Show more ▼
    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • 4.1.1.6. A note on partitive and pseudo-partitive constructions
      [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 4 Projection of noun phrases III: binominal constructions > 4.1. Binominal constructions without a preposition > 4.1.1. Quantificational constructions: een paar boeken 'a couple of books'
    • 6.1. Logical subjects
      [81%] Dutch > Syntax > Adjectives and Adjective Phrases > 6 Predicative use of the adjective phrase
    • 8.2.1. Nominal predicates
      [80%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 8 Syntactic uses of noun phrases > 8.2. Predicative use of the noun phrase
    • 5.2.2.2. Interpretation
      [80%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 5 Determiners: articles and pronouns > 5.2. Pronouns > 5.2.2. Possessive pronouns
    • 3.3.1. Adpositional phrases
      [80%] Dutch > Syntax > Nouns and Noun Phrases > 3 Projection of noun phrases II: modification > 3.3. Postmodification
    Show more ▼
    cite
    print