• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
Basic properties of nominalized gerundial infinitives
quickinfo

A gerundial infinitive behaves as a Noun Phrase (NP) outside its projection. Inside its projection, it may display a mix of verbal and nominal properties.

readmore

Gerundial infinitives may be nominalised. As a result, complements of gerundial infinitives may be licensed as complements to nouns are. So, the subject can be realised as a possessor:

Example 1

a. Bouke syn wurkjen
Bouke his work.GI
Bouke's working
b. Har laitsjen
her laugh.GI
Her laughing

Both the subject and the object can be realised in a fan of phrase:

Example 2

a. It wurkjen fan Bouke
the work.GI of Bouke
The working of Bouke
b. It skearen fan skiep
the shave.GI of sheep
The shaving of sheep

The gerundial infinitive can be preceded by an article or a demonstrative, as is illustrated below for the demonstrative:

Example 3

a. Dat laitsjen!
that laugh.GI
That laughing!
b. Sok wurkjen!
Such work.GI
Such working!

A gerundial infinitive may show up in all argument positions. The infinitival complements may be licensed in the way customary for either verbs or nouns. A minimal pair is provided below. In (a), the direct object is licensed in the nominal way, that is, in a fanof phrase following the infinitive, in (b), the direct object is licensed in the verbal way, that is, preceding the verb and without the preposition fanof:

Example 4

a. It smoken fan sigaren
the smoke.GI of cigars
The smoking of cigars
b. It sigaren smoken
the cigars smoke.GI
The smoking of cigars
References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • Mood
      [76%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1. Characterization and classification
    • Inflection and derivation
      [73%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1. Characterization and classification
    • Tenses
      [73%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1. Characterization and classification > 1.5. Tense, epistemic modality and aspect
    • Verb complement clauses (Overview)
      [70%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases
    • Clause
      [70%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Complementation > PP
    Show more ▼
    cite
    print