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Indirect object
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This section gives some information about the Noun Phrase (NP) as an indirect object. The indirect object differs from the direct object in that the indirect object cannot be the argument that is modified by the verb's perfect participle in a construction of apposition.

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The indirect object is a participant that is neither a subject nor a direct object. It is almost always a person. The indirect object, Peke Donia, is like the direct object in being present in infinitival clauses. An example is provided below:

Example 1

a. Hja joegen Peke Donia in boek mei
they gave Peke Donia a book along
They gave Peke Donia a book
b. Om Peke Donia in boek mei te jaan
for Peke Donia a book along to give
To give Peke Donia a book

The indirect object differs from the direct object in that the indirect object cannot be the argument that is modified by the verb's perfect participle in a construction of apposition:

Example 2

a. It boek, Peke Donia meijûn, …
the book Peke Donia along.given
The book, given to Peke Donia, …
b. *Peke Donia, it boek meijûn, …
Peke Donia the book along.given
Peke Donia, given the book, …

Furthermore, the indirect object can in many cases be expressed in an Adposition Phrase (PP), usually with the preposition oanto or foarfor.

Example 3

Hja joegen in boek oan Peke Donia mei
they gave a book to Peke Donia along
They gave a book to Peke Donia

The indirect object may also be related to a locative PP consisting of the preposition neito and the postposition tato:

Example 4

a. Hja goaiden him de bal ta
they threw him the ball PTC
They threw him the ball
b. Hja goaiden de bal nei him ta
they threw the ball to him PTC
They threw the ball to him
References:
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