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Attributive
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Not all past participles can be used attributively.

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The past participle of wêzebe cannot be used attributively:

Example 1

a. *In yn 'e boarterstún west berntsje
an in the playground been child.NG
A child that has been to the playground
b. *Twa siik west-e lytsfeint-en
two ill been.PL farmer's.help.PL
Two farmers who have been ill

The same applies to the past participles of other copular auxiliaries and of modal auxiliaries:


Table 1
Copular
hânhad
skyndappeared
blyktturned out
lyktseemed

Table 2
Modal
moattenmust
kind, kinnencan
wold, wollenwanted
doarst, doarddared
hoegdneeded
sild, sillenwill, shall
Past participles of monosyllabic verbs often yield a degraded result. These include:
Table 3
Infinitive past participle
jaan, jûngiven
dwaan, diendone
tsjen, teingone
sjen, sjoensee
gean, giengone
A minimal pair is given below:

Example 2

a. It echtpear is nei Boksum ta ferfearn / gien
the couple is to Boksum POST moved / gone
The couple has moved / gone to Boksum
b. In nei Boksum ta ferfearn echtpear
a to Boksum POST moved couple.NG
A couple that has moved to Boksum
c. *In nei Boksum ta gien echtpear
the to Boksum POST moved couple.NG
The couple that moved to Boksum

Such examples improve if the participle is accompanied by a prefix:

Example 3

?In my ûntgien flaterke
a me un.gone mistake
A mistake I failed to notice
References:
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