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Past participles
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Past participles have the following properties in the four adjectival key constructions: the projection of a past participle has verbal properties internally with respect to word order, whereas it behaves externally as an adjective with respect to agreement. Past participles may be morphologically converted to adjectives. Past participles may be morphologically converted to nouns. Past participles assign the same thematic role as the one an active verb assigns to its direct object in a sentence in the active voice. There are lexical restrictions on the use of past participles in the four adjectival key constructions.

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More details about past participles can be found by following the corresponding links:

References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
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    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • Strong and other irregular verbs
      [63%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Verbs
    • General categories
      [62%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Verbs
    • Weak verbs
      [61%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Verbs
    • Derivation
      [60%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation
    • -jei
      [60%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Verbal suffixes > Noun as base
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    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • Present participles
      [82%] Frisian > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Participles and infinitives
    • Converted to A
      [70%] Frisian > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Participles and infinitives > Past participles
    • Direct object thematic role
      [70%] Frisian > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Participles and infinitives > Past participles
    • Te-infinitives
      [69%] Frisian > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Participles and infinitives
    • The three remaining key constructions
      [69%] Frisian > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Participles and infinitives > Past participles > Direct object thematic role
    • Tense
      [64%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1. Characterization and classification > 1.5. Tense, modality and aspect
    • Inflection and derivation
      [62%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1. Characterization and classification
    • Pseudo-participles
      [62%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Adjective Phrases > Complementation
    • Mood
      [61%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Verbs and Verb Phrases > 1. Characterization and classification
    • Complementation
      [61%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Adjective Phrases
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