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Frequency adverbs
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Frequency adverbs provide information about the frequency of occurrence of events. It can be difficult to distinguish frequency adverbs from time adverbs.

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Frequency adverbs include: jierliksyearly and deistichdaily. However, frequency adverbs are usually Noun Phrases (NPs) rather than Adjective Phrases (APs), such as below. This type of frequency expression is built on the quantifier alleall, not the quantifier elts, elkeach:

Example 1

a. Alle jierren
All years > yearly
b. Alle dagen
All days > daily

Other frequency adverbs involve the following trinity from Aristotle's square of opposition, of which the fourth member (not always) is never expressed by one lexical item (always), contrary to the other three:

Table 1
altyd, altitenalway
ea, oaitever
nea, noaitnever
The pair eaever, neanever was common in Early Modern Frisian, but it was rather suddenly replaced by the Dutch loans oaitever, noaitnever around 1700. Together with the lexical change, also certain peculiar usages of eaever, neanever, which may be roughly characterized as free choice usages, went out of use. After eaever and neanever had been dead (unused) throughout the eighteenth century, they were revived again by the Frisian Movement. Nowadays, they are mainly restricted to written language, though they may also be heard in the spoken language of speakers who have been schooled in Frisian. In Old Frisian, aa, later ea was used to render the meaning always; even in Early Modern Frisian, such a use of ea has been attested.

Other frequency adverbs include the following:

Table 2
hieltyd, hieltitencontinually
fakentiids, faakoften
soms, somtidensometimes
almeast, meastalmostly
gaurisregularly
komselden, seldenrarely
ienrisonce
All frequency adverbs can occur either in initial position or in the middle field.

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